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Carmona Microphylla (Fuiken Tea) Bonsai Tree Care Sheet

Tender/Evergreen/Slightly More Challenging

 

Introduction.


This Bonsai tree care guide describes how to look after a Carmona Microphylla (Fuiken Tea) Bonsai tree which gets its name from the Chinese Province of Fukien (Fuijan) where this species originates, the Fuiken Tea is also native to Japan, Korea and Taiwan and is grown extensively throughout Asia as Bonsai.  This species is more challenging to keep than most other Bonsai trees and is not recommended for none green fingered newcomers to the hobby, however a green fingered newcomer with experience with other plants should be ok with this species.  With proper care Fuiken tea Bonsai trees can be very rewarding and are worth the effort to get the conditions right for this species to flourish.  Follow these guide lines and you will have a healthy Fuiken tea Bonsai tree. 

Where To Keep Them/Watering.


Fuiken tea Bonsai are tender plants and must be kept in a temperature range of 15c - 25c to do well.  You should place your Fuiken tea Bonsai tree on a bright window sill away from a heat source, however Fuiken tea Bonsai trees only require a few hours of sun light a day so try to make sure the window sill you choose isn't sunny all day, also make sure there are no cold draughts and that there are no sudden large temperature changes in the area of your Bonsai tree as this can cause leaf drop, however if this happens as long as the temperature returns to a normal stable range your Bonsai tree will be back in leaf again in no time.  A humidity tray is a must for indoor Fuiken tea Bonsai trees to do well, the tray should be a few inches larger in width and length than the Bonsai pot, and the Bonsai pot should not come in to direct contact with the water in the tray, the feet of the Bonsai pot should be placed on some small stones to raise the pot above the waters surface, or you could place fine gravel up to the rim of the tray and place the Bonsai pot on top of the gravel.  Make sure the humidity tray has the water topped up at all times and as the water evaporates it will rise up through the leaves of your Bonsai tree and help to keep the local area more humid.  The trick with Fuiken tea Bonsai trees is that once you feel you have met all the above conditions place your Bonsai tree in the spot you have chosen and leave it alone and do not move it unnecessarily as Fuiken tea Bonsai trees don't take kindly to being moved around too much and can drop their leaves due to stress.  Your Fuiken tea Bonsai tree will also benefit from being placed outdoors during the warmest summer months (June and July in the UK) when outdoors try to make sure temperatures don't drop below 12c for long periods.  Try to make the transition between indoors and outdoors less stressful for your Bonsai tree by placing your Fuiken tea in your green house for a few days prior to placing the Bonsai tree in it's outdoor position, this will allow your Bonsai tree to get used to outdoor conditions without being completely exposed straight away, then place your Bonsai tree in a spot that receives good sun light but not continual full sun, morning or afternoon sun is best.  You should aim to keep your Bonsai trees soil constantly moist but never let the soil become waterlogged, if this occurs then your Bonsai soil must be airless and compacted and your Bonsai tree will most likely need re-potting to correct this.  In winter let the surface of the Bonsai soil dry a little before watering. 

Repotting/Wiring/Feeding/And Pruning.


You should aim to re-pot your Fuiken tea Bonsai tree every 2-3 years in early to mid spring, but only if the roots have become pot bound.  If your Bonsai tree has a good root system you should be able to gently lift it out of the pot in spring (you may need to snip the Wire underneath the pot if the Bonsai tree is wired in) and take a look at the roots to see if they are pot bound, if so you should repot your Bonsai tree, if the roots seem ok then leave re-potting till the following year. when it does become necessary to repot your Fuiken Tea Bonsai tree, you should use a good quality free draining Bonsai soil.  Akadama Bonsai soil is an excellent choice, this will need to be made more moisture retentive by adding some fine potting bark to the mix, Moler Bonsai soil is another good choice,  again add some potting bark to the mix for moisture retention, you can also add pumice granules to your soil mix as this aids drainage but also holds moisture for your Bonsai tree.  It is important not to fertilize your Bonsai tree for around four weeks after re-potting as doing so can burn the new roots that your Bonsai tree will be developing, after this period carry on fertilizing as usual.  You should fertilize your Bonsai tree from spring onwards with a balanced fertilizer such as Chempak, you will usually fertilize your Bonsai tree once a week during the growing season and once a month in autumn and winter but feeding guidelines will differ from brand to brand so it is best to refer to the instructions on the particular brand you decide to use.  If you need to wire your Fuiken tea Bonsai tree this can be done at any time of year, however you will need to remove them after eight weeks so keep an eye on them or they will begin to cut in to your Bonsai trees bark.  Pruning including hard pruning can be done all year round on healthy Fuiken tea Bonsai trees, simply trim back new growth to keep the shape of your Bonsai tree.


  The best way to ensure you keep your Bonsai tree healthy is to do as much research as possible(Internet and or books) on the particular species you own and also Bonsai in general as this will give you a broader understanding of the subject and will give you a far better chance of success with your Bonsai tree.


I hope this care sheet has been of interest and helpful to you, if so you might want to read the other care sheets on this site.  It is up to you to use the information given here responsibly and Bargain Bonsai holds no responsibility as to how you use it.

                                                                                                                                            

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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